The health impacts of local traffic pollution on primary school age children

Publisher:
Promaco Conventions
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Citation:
State of Australian Cities (SOAC) Conference, 2009, pp. 1 - 32
Issue Date:
2009-01
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There is a large body of medical research on the health impacts of local traffic air pollution. Vehicle emissions, road dust and tyre fragmentation together cause an increase in atmospheric levels of carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrates and particulate matter in both solid and liquid forms. For those exposed to such pollution, there is a documented increase in mortality and morbidity from both respiratory and cardiac diseases. There is also evidence that the effects are greater on children. Despite these findings, there has been comparatively little work done in estimating the effect on student health of school location, with most studies focusing instead on residential location. By combining a random sample of primary schools in Sydney with detailed traffic volume data, we estimate the impact of traffic pollution on the health of primary school children in Sydney.
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