Moderate deviation analysis for classical-quantum channels and quantum hypothesis testing

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 2018, 64 (2), pp. 1385 - 1403
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. In this paper, we study the tradeoffs between the error probabilities of classical-quantum channels and the blocklength n when the transmission rates approach the channel capacity at a rate lower than 1 {n} , a research topic known as moderate deviation analysis. We show that the optimal error probability vanishes under this rate convergence. Our main technical contributions are a tight quantum sphere-packing bound, obtained via Chaganty and Sethuraman's concentration inequality in strong large deviation theory, and asymptotic expansions of error-exponent functions. Moderate deviation analysis for quantum hypothesis testing is also established. The converse directly follows from our channel coding result, while the achievability relies on a martingale inequality.
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