Model Predictive Observer Based Control for Single-Phase Asymmetrical T-Type AC/DC Power Converter

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2019, 55 (2), pp. 2033 - 2044
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© 1972-2012 IEEE. This paper presents a robust control strategy for the control of single-phase five-level asymmetrical T-type ac/dc power converter. A cascaded control scheme consisting of a finite control set model predictive control (FCS-MPC) with an extended state observer (ESO) is proposed to govern the converter. In this scheme, a proportional integral (PI) controller combined with an ESO-based disturbance observer is employed as an external control loop. This control loop dynamically modifies the active power reference to realize the desired operating point of the system state (converter output voltage). The proposed control system presents a high degree of disturbance rejection capability and robustness against the external disturbances to the converter, whereas the conventional PI control performance suffers in the presence of these disturbances. In this paper, the inner current tracking loop is accomplished by an FCS-MPC algorithm. This algorithm is derived to force the input currents to track the reference values while realizing a user-defined reactive power and maintaining balanced voltages in the series-connected capacitors. Theoretical analysis and the design procedure of the proposed control system are presented. Finally, experimental studies are conducted to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.
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