Spatio-Temporal Inertial Measurements Feature Extraction Improves Hand Movement Pattern Recognition without Electromyography

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, 2018, 2018-July pp. 2108 - 2111
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© 2018 IEEE. Recent studies indicate the limited clinical acceptance of myoelectric prostheses, as upper extremity amputees need improved functionality and more intuitive, effective, and coordinated control of their artificial limbs. Rather than exclusively classifying the electromyogram (EMG) signals, it has been shown that inertial measurements (IMs) can form an excellent complementary signal to the EMG signals to improve the prosthetic control robustness. We present an investigation into the possibility of replacing, rather than complementing, the EMG signals with IMs. We hypothesize that the enhancements achieved by the combined use of the EMG and IM signals may not be significantly different from that achieved by the use of Magnetometer (MAG) or Accelerometer (ACC) signals only, when the temporal and spatial information aspects are considered. A large dataset comprising recordings with 20 ablebodied and two amputee participants, executing 40 movements, was collected. A systematic performance comparison across a number of feature extraction methods was carried out to test our hypothesis. Results suggest that, individually, each of the ACC and MMG signals can form an excellent and potentially independent source of control signal for upper-limb prostheses, with an average classification accuracy of \approx 93% across all subjects. This study suggests the feasibility of moving from surface EMG to IM signals as a main source for upper-limb prosthetic control in real-life applications.
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