Europe’s power to influence the laws and practice of international protection worldwide

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Frontières, Sociétés et Droit en Mouvement, 2019, pp. 149 - 164 (15)
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This chapter explores Europe’s normative power in refugee law understood to mean the power of the European Union (EU) to influence the laws and practice of countries outside Europe1. The chapter is partly based on a collaborative project, which examined both the extent and the processes of emulation of EU asylum law. The regions and countries considered as case studies spanned across 5 continents: North America (United States, Canada), Latin America (Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela), Africa, Europe (EU, Israel, Switzerland) and Australia2. The research project explored the worldwide emulation of key norms and trends of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), through transnational processes and actors operating within and across domestic borders (such as legislators, regulators, judges and interest groups). In particular, was tested the hypothesis that the European protection regime, being one of the most advanced in the world and covering 25 countries3, is bound to exert considerable influence in other regions. Thus, one may see a « ripple effect » or « trickling effect » far beyond Europe4. This state of affairs raises a number of key questions: How is this happening? How are laws and practice on refugee protection migrating, where to, what happens to them once in their new environment, and why is this happening?
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