Boosted Dynamic Cognitive Activity Recognition from Brain Images

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings - The 9th International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA 2010, 2010, pp. 361 - 366
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Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) has become an important diagnostic tool for measuring brain haemodynamics. Previous research on analysing fMRI data mainly focuses on detecting low-level neuron activation from the ensued haemodynamic activities. An important recent advance is to show that the high-level cognitive status is recognisable from a period of fMRI records. Nevertheless, it would also be helpful to reveal dynamics of cognitive activities during the period. In this paper, we tackle the problem of discovering the dynamic cognitive activities by proposing an algorithm of boosted structure learning. We employ statistic model of random fields to represent the dynamics of the brain. To exploit the rich fMRI observations with reasonable model complexity, we build multiple models, where one model links the cognitive activities to only a fraction of the fMRI observations. We combine the simple models by using an altered AdaBoost scheme for multi-class structure learning and show theoretical justification of the proposed scheme. Empirical test shows the method effectively links the physiological and the psychological activities of the brain.
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