Global Englishes

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The SAGE Handbook of Sociolinguistics, 2011, 1, pp. 513 - 525
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It is not hard to make a case that English is intimately involved with processes of globalization. From its wide use in many domains across the world, or the massive efforts in both state and private educational sectors to provide access to the language, to its role in global media, international forums, business, finance, politics and diplomacy, it is evident not only that English is widely used across the globe but also that it is part of those processes we call globalization. What this means for English, other languages and cultures, and processes of global change, however, is much harder to determine. Much work over the past 20 years has been done under the label of world Englishes (WE), a tetm that has been employed with various meanings (Bolton, 2004). It may be llsed as an umbrella term to cover all varieties of English across the world (analysed from a diversity of perspectives), to refer more narrowly to new varieties of English that have developed, particularly in former Btitish colonies, or more narrowly again to the particular framework developed by Braj Kachru and his colleagues to analyse such Englishes.
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