A Study of Channel Estimation in Multi-Band OFDM UWB Systems

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In this paper, the channel estimation techniques for multiband (MB) OFDM ultra-wideband (UWB) wireless communications are investigated. By combining orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) with multi-band, the MB-OFDM systems can capture multipath energy more efficiently than single-band direct sequence UWB (DS-UWB). However, most researches for UWB channel estimation are focused on the latter. Through the analysis of architecture, signal and channel model of MB-OFDM UWB wireless systems, we studied the channel estimation techniques based on preamble training sequences and pilot sub-carriers respectively. Further more, the linear estimations of least square (LS) and minimum mean square error (MMSE) are analysed and compared under different UWB channel conditions. The characteristic of estimation error changing with the SNR is also discussed. The estimation error includes the impact of interpolation error and channel noise.
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