Long duration driving is a significant cause of fatigue related accidents on motorways. Fatigue caused by driving for extended hours can acutely impair driverâ¿¿s alertness and performance. This papers presents an artificial ...
In this paper we present a continuous time dynamical model of heterogeneous agents interacting in a financial market where transactions are cleared by a market maker. The market is composed of fundamentalist, trend following ...
We study the dynamics of a one-dimensional discrete flow with open boundaries?a series of moving point particles connected by ideal springs. These particles flow towards an inlet at constant velocity, pass into a region ...
We present a form of the discrete dipole approximation for electromagnetic scattering computations in time domain. We show that the introduction of complex frequencies, through the Laplace transform, significantly improves ...
We derive a frequency-domain-based approach for radiation from double-heterostructure cavity (DHC) modes. We use this to compute the quality factors and radiation patterns of DHC modes. The semianalytic nature of our method ...
Zhu, Shaoli; Zhou, Wei(Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd., 2010)
Electric field distribution is one of the important parameters for nanostructure arrays in nanobiosensing applications. It can influence the sensitivity and the resolution of nanobiosensors. We focus on the effect of media ...
The objective of measuring leaf photosynthesis using infrared gas analysis is to determine key indicators of plant eco-physiology, including light and CO2 compensation and saturation points, and critical thresholds of ...
In this Rapid Communication, we consider the open problem of the minimum cost of two-qubit gates for simulating the Toffoli gate and show that five two-qubit gates are necessary. Before our work, it was known that five ...
We explicitly exhibit a set of four ququad-ququad orthogonal maximally entangled states that cannot be perfectly distinguished by means of local operations and classical communication. Before our work, it was unknown whether ...
Variational approximation methods have become a mainstay of contemporary machine learning methodology, but currently have little presence in statistics. We devise an effective variational approximation strategy for fitting ...
Background. Perinatal factors, including gestational age and birth weight, influence the development of atopy in early life. However, the role of these factors in the development of asthma in later life among children who ...
We consider sums over the square lattice which depend only on radial distance, and provide formulas which enable sums of functions with Neumann series to be reexpressed as combinations of hypergeometric series. We illustrate ...
Fibronectin is a protein present in blood and the extracellular matrix which has important roles in cell adhesion and migration, wound healing and blood clotting. Three models of fibronectin adsorption, on various substrates ...
In 1991, Peres and Wootters wrote a seminal paper on the nonlocal processing of quantum information [Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1119 (1991)]. We return to their classic problem and solve it in various contexts. Specifically, for ...
For rigid-plastic/rigid-viscoplastic (RP/RVP) FE simulation in metal forming processes, the linear programming
(LP) approach has many remarkable advantages, compared with a normal iterative solver.
This approach is free ...
Keast, Vicki; Birt, Kimberley; Koch, Ct; Supansomboon, Supitcha; Cortie, Michael(American Institute of Physics, 2011)
First principles calculations of the optical properties of the intermetallic compounds AuAl2, AuIn2, and AuGa2 have been performed. Analysis of the dielectric functions showed that AuAl2 is unique because a bulk plasmon ...
Datta, Nilanjana; Hsieh, Min-Hsiu(American Institute of Physics, 2010)
We consider the scenario in which Alice transmits private classical messages to Bob via a classical-quantum channel, part of whose output is intercepted by an eavesdropper Eve. We prove the existence of a universal coding ...