Anoxic aggregates - An ephemeral phenomenon in the pelagic environment?

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dc.contributor.author Ploug, H
dc.contributor.author Kühl, M
dc.contributor.author Buchholz-Cleven, B
dc.contributor.author Jørgensen, BB
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-02T08:24:56Z
dc.date.issued 1997-09-11
dc.identifier.citation Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 1997, 13 (3), pp. 285 - 294
dc.identifier.issn 0948-3055
dc.identifier.other C1UNSUBMIT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/14994
dc.description.abstract Radial microscale distributions of oxygen and pH were studied in ca 1.5 mm large laboratory-made aggregates composed of phytoplankton detritus and fecal pellets. Microsensor measurements were done at spatial increments down to 0.05 mm in a vertical flow system in which the individual aggregates stabilized their position in the water phase according to the upward flow velocity. The aggregates were surrounded by a diffusive boundary layer with steep gradients of oxygen and pH. They were highly heterotrophic communities both under natural light conditions and in darkness. pH was lowered from 8.2 in the surrounding water to 7.4 in the center of an anoxic aggregate. Sulfide was not detectable by use of sulfide microelectrodes in anoxic aggregates, and methanogenic bacteria could not be detected after PCR (polymerase chain reaction) amplification using archaebacterial-specific primers. The oxygen respiration rate decreased exponentially over time with a T1/2 of 2.3 d. Theoretical calculations of the volumetric oxygen respiration rate needed to deplete oxygen inside aggregates was compared to the density of organic matter in natural marine aggregates. These calculations showed that carbon limitation of heterotrophic processes would limit anoxic conditions to occurring only over a few hours, depending on the size of the aggregates. Therefore slow-growing obligate anaerobic microorganisms such as sulfate reducing bacteria and methanogenic bacteria may be limited by the relatively short persistence of anoxia in marine aggregates.
dc.language eng
dc.title Anoxic aggregates - An ephemeral phenomenon in the pelagic environment?
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Published
dc.parent Aquatic Microbial Ecology
dc.journal.volume 3
dc.journal.volume 13
dc.journal.number en_US
dc.publocation Oldendorf, Germany en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 285 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 294 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.Environmental Sciences en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.conference 4th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS)/12th International Symposium on DSP and Communication Systems (DSPCS)/9th Workshop on the Internet, Telecommunications and Signal Processing (WTSP)
dc.for 0602 Ecology
dc.personcode 107129
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Ecology en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.date.activity 2010-12-13
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.location.activity Gold Coast, AUSTRALIA
dc.description.keywords Diffusive boundary layers
dc.description.keywords Microelectrodes
dc.description.keywords Modeling
dc.description.keywords Molecular techniques
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Science
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - C3
utslib.copyright.status Closed Access
utslib.copyright.date 2015-04-15 12:17:09.805752+10
pubs.consider-herdc false
utslib.collection.history Closed (ID: 3)


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