High levels of inorganic arsenic in rice in areas where arsenic-contaminated water is used for irrigation and cooking

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dc.contributor.author Rahman, MA
dc.contributor.author Hasegawa, H
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-12T03:33:01Z
dc.date.issued 2011-10-15
dc.identifier.citation Science of the Total Environment, 2011, 409 (22), pp. 4645 - 4655
dc.identifier.issn 0048-9697
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/18003
dc.description.abstract Rice is the staple food for the people of arsenic endemic South (S) and South-East (SE) Asian countries. In this region, arsenic contaminated groundwater has been used not only for drinking and cooking purposes but also for rice cultivation during dry season. Irrigation of arsenic-contaminated groundwater for rice cultivation has resulted high deposition of arsenic in topsoil and uptake in rice grain posing a serious threat to the sustainable agriculture in this region. In addition, cooking rice with arsenic-contaminated water also increases arsenic burden in cooked rice. Inorganic arsenic is the main species of S and SE Asian rice (80 to 91% of the total arsenic), and the concentration of this toxic species is increased in cooked rice from inorganic arsenic-rich cooking water. The people of Bangladesh and West Bengal (India), the arsenic hot spots in the world, eat an average of 450. g rice a day. Therefore, in addition to drinking water, dietary intake of arsenic from rice is supposed to be another potential source of exposure, and to be a new disaster for the population of S and SE Asian countries. Arsenic speciation in raw and cooked rice, its bioavailability and the possible health hazard of inorganic arsenic in rice for the population of S and SE Asia have been discussed in this review. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.isbasedon 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.07.068
dc.title High levels of inorganic arsenic in rice in areas where arsenic-contaminated water is used for irrigation and cooking
dc.type Journal Article
dc.parent Science of the Total Environment
dc.journal.volume 22
dc.journal.volume 409
dc.journal.number 22 en_US
dc.publocation Amsterdam, Netherlands en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 4645 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 4655 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.Faculty of Science en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 0502 Environmental Science and Management
dc.for 039901 Environmental Chemistry (Incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
dc.personcode 112851
dc.percentage 60 en_US
dc.classification.name Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry) en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords Arsenic
dc.description.keywords Dietary intake
dc.description.keywords Inorganic arsenic
dc.description.keywords Rice
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Science
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - Environmental Science
utslib.copyright.status Closed Access
utslib.copyright.date 2015-04-15 12:17:09.805752+10
pubs.consider-herdc true
utslib.collection.history Closed (ID: 3)
utslib.collection.history School of the Environment (ID: 344)

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