Empire, Education and Nationalism: The School Architecture of William Edmund Kemp, 1880-1896

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dc.contributor.author Orr, K
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-12T03:34:40Z
dc.date.issued 2011-01
dc.identifier.citation Fabrications, 2011, 20 (2), pp. 60 - 85
dc.identifier.issn 1033-1867
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/18753
dc.description.abstract Fundamental to an examination of the school architecture of William Edmund Kemp (1831-1898) is an understanding of the man and the culture of the colonial society that shaped him. During his lifetime there was a changing imperial relationship between New South Wales and Britain, the introduction of self-government (1855) and a movement towards nationhood. As the nineteenth century progressed, the theories of empire and nation building that dominated the British worldview were modified by emerging ideas of colonial difference. There was a general recognition that British people living in the Australian environment had been changed and had developed their own distinctive character. The growing independence of the colony accelerated the development of education, culminating in the New South Wales Public Instruction Act of 1880. Kempâs position as Architect for Public Schools was established at this time â a position he occupied for sixteen years (1880-1896) during which he designed hundreds of new schools for the colony. In a previous article, I have documented the design of Kempâs school buildings within the context of late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century standards of school design and the British-Australian system of pupil-teacher primary education. Here I also demonstrated that the style adopted by Kemp for his schools was derived from the Italianate style. The purpose of this article is a largely biographical one: to trace Kempâs development as a leading Sydney architect in conjunction with changing ideologies and practices in colonial society and architecture. Faced with the challenge of devising a new typology of school building to accommodate the introduction of free, compulsory and secular elementary education, Kemp was keenly aware that his schools should also express their purpose as symbols of colonial progress and civilisation.
dc.language English
dc.publisher University of Queensland Press
dc.title Empire, Education and Nationalism: The School Architecture of William Edmund Kemp, 1880-1896
dc.type Journal Article
dc.parent Fabrications
dc.journal.volume 2
dc.journal.volume 20
dc.journal.number 2 en_US
dc.publocation St Lucia, Queensland en_US
dc.publocation Germany
dc.identifier.startpage 60 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 85 en_US
dc.cauo.name DAB.School of Architecture en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.conference International Multimedia Modeling Conference
dc.for 1201 Architecture
dc.personcode 990351
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Architecture en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.date.activity 2011-01-05
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.location.activity Taipei, Taiwan
dc.description.keywords William Edmund Kemp; Architect for Public Schools; Colonial Australian Architecture. en_US
dc.description.keywords Histogram Variance Face - Action Unit - Hexagonal structure - PCA - SVM
dc.description.keywords William Edmund Kemp
dc.description.keywords Architect for Public Schools
dc.description.keywords Colonial Australian Architecture.
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building/School of Architecture
utslib.copyright.status Open Access
utslib.copyright.date 2015-04-15 12:23:47.074767+10
utslib.collection.history General (ID: 2)
utslib.collection.history School of Architecture (ID: 331)

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