History and its racial legacies: Quotas in South African rugby and cricket

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dc.contributor.author Merrett, C
dc.contributor.author Tatz, C
dc.contributor.author Adair, D
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-12T03:35:42Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08
dc.identifier.citation Sport in Society, 2011, 14 (6), pp. 754 - 777
dc.identifier.issn 1743-0437
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/19057
dc.description.abstract South African identity has always been shaped by racial quotas; that is, divisions, assignments, allowances and allocations based on socially created ideas of race and difference. Both law and custom assigned a hierarchy which separated the rulers from the ruled, and allocated and rationed goods, services and enjoyments in all spheres of life, including sport. 'Superior' whites were layered above the Cape coloured people, followed by the Indian community and, lastly, the Africans, the black majority. This article looks briefly at the historical context of racial divisions and, with the downfall of apartheid, the rhetoric of an avowedly de-racialized 'new South Africa'. Given the chronic history of negative discrimination, it is understandable that affirmative action has become a major policy framework in the building of a post-apartheid society. But sport is a sobering example of how a domain can be 're-racialized' in this quest. How does the African National Congress justify the (re)introduction into sport of a proportional or numerical quota system based on racial categories? Is there a need for demographic representativeness in white-dominated sports like cricket and rugby, but seemingly not in black-dominated soccer? Is an arithmetic quota system not merely a logical extension of the reviled racial genres and divides of previous centuries?. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.isbasedon 10.1080/17430437.2011.587291
dc.title History and its racial legacies: Quotas in South African rugby and cricket
dc.type Journal Article
dc.parent Sport in Society
dc.journal.volume 6
dc.journal.volume 14
dc.journal.number 6 en_US
dc.publocation London en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 754 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 777 en_US
dc.cauo.name BUS.School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 1608 Sociology
dc.personcode 100718
dc.personcode 101287
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Sociology en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords en_US
dc.description.keywords Classification
dc.description.keywords Data mining
dc.description.keywords Intelligent knowledge management
dc.description.keywords Multi-criteria optimization
dc.description.keywords Multiple criteria linear programming
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Business
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Business/School of Management
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - Cosmopolitan Civil Societies
utslib.copyright.status Closed Access
utslib.copyright.date 2015-04-15 12:17:09.805752+10

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