Hard and Soft Projects: a framework for analysis

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dc.contributor.author Crawford, L
dc.contributor.author Pollack, JB
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-21T02:35:17Z
dc.date.issued 2004-01
dc.identifier.citation International Journal of Project Management, 2004, 22 (8), pp. 645 - 653
dc.identifier.issn 0263-7863
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/4860
dc.description.abstract This paper provides clarification on the use of the terms `hard' and `soft' in the context of project and program management, by exploring what it means for a project to be hard or soft. This paper draws on the authors' practice based research into large organisational change programs in a variety of contexts, and the literature on project management, systems thinking and evaluation. A framework for exploring the hardness and softness of project process and outcomes is provided. It acts as an aid to structured discussion and informed decision making about the application of methods for managing projects and programs and the appropriate methods for evaluating their success. This framework is designed to aid in the transfer of lessons learned to practice by offering a common point of comparison between projects, and has potential for use as a predictive aid to resourcing. Its use is demonstrated in three cases.
dc.publisher Elsevier Science Limited and International Project Management Association
dc.relation.hasversion Accepted manuscript version en_US
dc.relation.isbasedon 10.1016/j.ijproman.2004.04.004
dc.rights NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication by Elsevier. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published by Elsevier. en_US
dc.title Hard and Soft Projects: a framework for analysis
dc.type Journal Article
dc.description.version Published
dc.parent International Journal of Project Management
dc.journal.volume 8
dc.journal.volume 22
dc.journal.number 8 en_US
dc.publocation Netherlands en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 645 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 653 en_US
dc.cauo.name DAB.School of Built Environment en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 120201 Building Construction Management and Project Planning
dc.personcode 910883
dc.personcode 000744
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Building Construction Management and Project Planning en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.description.keywords Hard and soft, systems approach; project analysis, lessons learned en_US
dc.description.keywords Science & Technology
dc.description.keywords Technology
dc.description.keywords Computer Science, Software Engineering
dc.description.keywords Computer Science, Theory & Methods
dc.description.keywords Computer Science
dc.description.keywords COMPUTER SCIENCE, THEORY & METHODS
dc.description.keywords design methods
dc.description.keywords design
dc.description.keywords software process
dc.description.keywords SOFTWARE-DEVELOPMENT
dc.description.keywords SYSTEMS-DEVELOPMENT
dc.description.keywords TRANSITION
dc.description.keywords FRAMEWORK
dc.description.keywords REUSE
dc.description.keywords Hard and soft, systems approach
dc.description.keywords project analysis, lessons learned
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building/School of Architecture
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building/School of Built Environment
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - Corporate Governance
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - Management and Organisation Studies
utslib.copyright.status Open Access
utslib.copyright.date 2015-04-15 12:23:47.074767+10
utslib.collection.history General (ID: 2)

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