Perceptions of Terrorism Threats at the 2004 Olympic Games: Implications for Sport Events

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Show simple item record Taylor, TL Toohey, KM 2009-12-21T02:37:42Z 2007-01
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Sport Tourism, 2007, 12 (2), pp. 99 - 114
dc.identifier.issn 1477-5085
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.description.abstract A legacy of September 11, 2001, and subsequent terrorist attacks such as the Bali, (2002), Madrid (2004) and London (2005) bombings, is evidenced in the increased security measures put in place at major sport events. Heightened attention to safety management and public concern about terrorism threats and perception of risk has now become a fundamental component of the planning and risk management strategies for sport events. On the basis of appraisal-tendency theory (Lerner & Keltner, 2001), we investigated effects of anger and fear on risk judgments of 277 attendees at the 2004 Athens Olympics. Attendees who reported being fearful or feeling unsafe at the Games displayed increased risk estimates and associated concerns, whilst respondents expressing defiance and anger produced opposite reactions. Male respondents had less pessimistic risk perceptions than did females, and men were more likely than women to report that the increased security measures detracted from their Olympic Games experience. Nationality had minimal effect on perceptions of risk except in the case of the host country, with Greek respondents reporting fewer concerns for safety but greater awareness of the security measures present at the Games. The discussion focuses on theoretical, methodological and practical implications.
dc.publisher Routledge
dc.relation.hasversion Accepted manuscript version
dc.rights This is an electronic version of an article published in Journal of Sport & Tourism Volume 12, Issue 2, 2007. Journal of Sport & Tourism is available online at: with the open URL of
dc.title Perceptions of Terrorism Threats at the 2004 Olympic Games: Implications for Sport Events
dc.type Journal Article
dc.parent Journal of Sport Tourism
dc.journal.volume 2
dc.journal.volume 12
dc.journal.number 2 en_US
dc.publocation Ottawa, Canada en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 99 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 114 en_US BUS.School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 1504 Commercial Services
dc.for 1506 Tourism
dc.personcode 910045
dc.personcode 849054
dc.percentage 50 en_US Commercial Services en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.description.keywords Terrorism, Risk, Sport Events en_US
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Business
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - Cosmopolitan Civil Societies
utslib.copyright.status Closed Access 2015-04-15 12:23:47.074767+10
utslib.collection.history General (ID: 2)

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