Analysis and optimization of the MODIS leaf area index algorithm retrievals over broadleaf forests

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dc.contributor.author Shabanov, NV
dc.contributor.author Huang, D
dc.contributor.author Yang, W
dc.contributor.author Tan, B
dc.contributor.author Knyazikhin, Y
dc.contributor.author Myneni, RB
dc.contributor.author Ahl, DE
dc.contributor.author Gower, ST
dc.contributor.author Huete, AR
dc.contributor.author Aragão, LEOC
dc.contributor.author Shimabukuro, YE
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-28T09:43:49Z
dc.date.issued 2005-08
dc.identifier.citation IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2005, 43 (8), pp. 1855 - 1865
dc.identifier.issn 0196-2892
dc.identifier.other C1UNSUBMIT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/8533
dc.description.abstract Broadleaf forest is a major type of Earth's land cover with the highest observable vegetation density. Retrievals of biophysical parameters, such as leaf area index (LAI), of broadleaf forests at global scale constitute a major challenge to modern remote sensing techniques in view of low sensitivity (saturation) of surface reflectances to such parameters over dense vegetation. The goal of the performed research is to demonstrate physical principles of LAI retrievals over broadleaf forests with the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) LAI algorithm and to establish a basis for algorithm refinement. To sample natural variability in biophysical parameters of broadleaf forests, we selected MODIS data subsets covering deciduous broadleaf forests of the eastern part of North America and evergreen broadleaf forests of Amazonia. The analysis of an annual course of the Terra MODIS Collection 4 LAI product over broadleaf forests indicated a low portion of best quality main radiative transfer-based algorithm retrievals and dominance of low-reliable backup algorithm retrievals during the growing season. We found that this retrieval anomaly was due to an inconsistency between simulated and MODIS surface reflectances. LAI retrievals over dense vegetation are mostly performed over a compact location in the spectral space of saturated surface reflectances, which need to be accurately modeled. New simulations were performed with the stochastic radiative transfer model, which poses high numerical accuracy at the condition of saturation. Separate sets of parameters of the LAI algorithm were generated for deciduous and evergreen broadleaf forests to account for the differences in the corresponding surface reflectance properties. The optimized algorithm closely captures physics of seasonal variations in surface reflectances and delivers a majority of LAI retrievals during a phonological cycle, consistent with field measurements. The analysis of the optimized retrievals indicates that the precision of MODIS surface reflectances, the natural variability, and mixture of species set a limit to improvements of the accuracy of LAI retrievals over broadleaf forests. © 2005 IEEE.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.isbasedon 10.1109/TGRS.2005.852477
dc.subject Leaf area index (LAI), Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Stochastic radiative transfer, Surface reflectances, Terra, South America, North America, Amazonia, surface properties, stochastic processes, cycles, seasonal variations, accuracy, simulation, models, anomalies, quality, wavelength, refinement, reflectance, saturation, Space remote sensing, vegetation, density, land cover, forests, algorithms, optimization, Geological & Geomatics Engineering
dc.subject Leaf area index (LAI); Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS); Stochastic radiative transfer; Surface reflectances; Terra; South America; North America; Amazonia; surface properties; stochastic processes; cycles; seasonal variations; accuracy; simulation; models; anomalies; quality; wavelength; refinement; reflectance; saturation; Space remote sensing; vegetation; density; land cover; forests; algorithms; optimization; Geological & Geomatics Engineering
dc.title Analysis and optimization of the MODIS leaf area index algorithm retrievals over broadleaf forests
dc.type Journal Article
dc.parent IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
dc.journal.volume 8
dc.journal.volume 43
dc.journal.number 8 en_US
dc.publocation United States en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 1855 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 1865 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.Faculty of Science en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 0909 Geomatic Engineering
dc.personcode 0000058710 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058711 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058712 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058713 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058714 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058715 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058716 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058717 en_US
dc.personcode 108636 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058718 en_US
dc.personcode 0000058719 en_US
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Geomatic Engineering en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords South America ; North America ; Amazonia ; surface properties ; stochastic processes ; cycles ; seasonal variations ; accuracy ; simulation ; models ; anomalies ; quality ; wavelength ; refinement ; reflectance ; saturation ; Space remote sensing ; vegetation ; density ; land cover ; forests ; algorithms ; optimization ; en_US
dc.description.keywords South America
dc.description.keywords North America
dc.description.keywords Amazonia
dc.description.keywords surface properties
dc.description.keywords stochastic processes
dc.description.keywords cycles
dc.description.keywords seasonal variations
dc.description.keywords accuracy
dc.description.keywords simulation
dc.description.keywords models
dc.description.keywords anomalies
dc.description.keywords quality
dc.description.keywords wavelength
dc.description.keywords refinement
dc.description.keywords reflectance
dc.description.keywords saturation
dc.description.keywords Space remote sensing
dc.description.keywords vegetation
dc.description.keywords density
dc.description.keywords land cover
dc.description.keywords forests
dc.description.keywords algorithms
dc.description.keywords optimization
dc.description.keywords Leaf area index (LAI)
dc.description.keywords Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)
dc.description.keywords Stochastic radiative transfer
dc.description.keywords Surface reflectances
dc.description.keywords Terra
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Science
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - C3


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