Submerged Membrane System with Biofilter as a Treatment to Rain Water

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dc.contributor.author Areerachakul, N
dc.contributor.author Kitiphatmontree, M
dc.contributor.author Kandasamy, JK
dc.contributor.author Kus, BG
dc.contributor.author Duangduen, C
dc.contributor.author Pivsa-Art, S
dc.contributor.author Vigneswaran, S
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-28T09:44:00Z
dc.date.issued 2009-01
dc.identifier.citation Water, Air, & Soil Pollution: Focus, 2009, 9 (5-6), pp. 431 - 438
dc.identifier.issn 1567-7230
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/8555
dc.description.abstract Rainwater has been used as drinking water in Thailand for centuries especially in the rural parts and is accepted as an important water resource. From past to present, the quality of rainwater has changed with the landuse of the landscape, and its water quality is influenced by a diverse range of conditions such as the management of pollutant sources, the catchment condition, wind and meteorological conditions, and the location of rainwater collection points. In this study, the quality of rainwater collected off roofs at several locations was examined. Granular activated carbon (GAC) filtration was used as a pretreatment to microfiltration (MF) to remove the dissolved organic matter (DOC). After an initial adsorption period, the biofilm that formed on the GAC (biofilter) was found to remove DOC by up to 40%, 35%, and 15% for bed filter depths of 15, 10, and 5 cm, respectively. Biofilters also removed nitrate and phosphate by more than 80% and 35%. The hollow fiber membrane microfiltration with pore size of 0.1 μm was used to treat the effluent from biofiltration to remove the microorganisms/pathogens in the rainwater. Although there was no significant additional removal of DOC by MF, the biofilter removed all microorganisms. The use of biofilters as pretreatment to MF/UF could remove a higher amount of DOC, remove microorganisms, increase the membrane treatment efficiency, and reduce membrane fouling.
dc.publisher Springer Netherlands
dc.relation.hasversion Accepted manuscript version
dc.rights The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
dc.subject Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration, Environmental Sciences
dc.subject Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration; Environmental Sciences
dc.title Submerged Membrane System with Biofilter as a Treatment to Rain Water
dc.type Journal Article
dc.parent Water, Air, & Soil Pollution: Focus
dc.journal.volume 5-6
dc.journal.volume 9
dc.journal.number 5-6 en_US
dc.publocation Netherlands en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 431 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 438 en_US
dc.cauo.name FEIT.School of Elec, Mech and Mechatronic Systems en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 1002 Environmental Biotechnology
dc.personcode 10138372 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053044 en_US
dc.personcode 920569 en_US
dc.personcode 103713 en_US
dc.personcode 0000027428 en_US
dc.personcode 0000053045 en_US
dc.personcode 900451 en_US
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Environmental Biotechnology en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration en_US
dc.description.keywords Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration
dc.description.keywords Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration
dc.description.keywords Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration
dc.description.keywords Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration
dc.description.keywords Rainwater . Characterization . Biofilters . GAC . Membrane filtration
dc.staffid 900451 en_US
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology/School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - Technology in Wastewater Treatment


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