Gorillas are a host for Dientamoeba fragilis: An update on the life cycle and host distribution

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dc.contributor.author Stark, D
dc.contributor.author Phillips, O
dc.contributor.author Peckett, D
dc.contributor.author Munro, U
dc.contributor.author Marriott, D
dc.contributor.author Harkness, J
dc.contributor.author Ellis, J
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-28T09:46:02Z
dc.date.issued 2008-01-21
dc.identifier.citation Veterinary Parasitology, 2008, 151 (1), pp. 21 - 26
dc.identifier.issn 0304-4017
dc.identifier.other C1 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10453/8875
dc.description.abstract Dientamoeba fragilis is a gastrointestinal protozoan that has a worldwide distribution and is emergeing as a common cause of diarrhea. As D. fragilis has a propensity to cause chronic illness with symptoms similar to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) it is not surprising that some patients with D. fragilis are misdiagnosed as having IBS. In contrast to most other pathogenic protozoa very little is known about its life cycle, epidemiology and mode of transmission. What role animal reservoirs play in the transmission of this parasite is unknown. Consequently we undertook a prospective study to determine the host distribution of D. fragilis. Over a 2-year-period, 608 faecal samples from a wide range of animal and bird species, including pigs and other food species, were screened using permanent stained smears for the presence of D. fragilis. Trophozoites of D. fragilis were only detected in Western lowland gorillas (3/10) (Gorilla g. gorilla) and confirmed by PCR targeting the SSU rRNA gene. The limited host range detected suggests human infection may not involve transmission from other animal species. In addition, we provide an update on the limited knowledge about the life cycle of this parasite and its host distribution. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.isbasedon 10.1016/j.vetpar.2007.10.002
dc.title Gorillas are a host for Dientamoeba fragilis: An update on the life cycle and host distribution
dc.type Journal Article
dc.parent Veterinary Parasitology
dc.journal.volume 1
dc.journal.volume 151
dc.journal.number en_US
dc.journal.number 1 en_US
dc.publocation Amsterdam, Netherlands en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 21 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 26 en_US
dc.cauo.name SCI.Medical and Molecular Biosciences en_US
dc.conference Verified OK en_US
dc.for 0707 Veterinary Sciences
dc.personcode 100210
dc.personcode 960091
dc.personcode 104964
dc.personcode 100209
dc.personcode 910945
dc.percentage 100 en_US
dc.classification.name Veterinary Sciences en_US
dc.classification.type FOR-08 en_US
dc.edition en_US
dc.custom en_US
dc.date.activity en_US
dc.location.activity en_US
dc.description.keywords Australia
dc.description.keywords Dientamoeba fragilis
dc.description.keywords Host distribution
dc.description.keywords Mammalian host
pubs.embargo.period Not known
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Faculty of Science
pubs.organisational-group /University of Technology Sydney/Strength - i3
utslib.copyright.status Closed Access
utslib.copyright.date 2015-04-15 12:17:09.805752+10
pubs.consider-herdc true
utslib.collection.history School of the Environment (ID: 344)
utslib.collection.history Closed (ID: 3)

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