Perception of sexuality and HIV infection: A Qualitative Study among Bangkok Chaay Rak Chaay (Gay men)

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Journal Article
Nursing Journal of the Ministry of Public Health, 2016, 26 (3), pp. 94 - 103
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This qualitative study sought to explore perception of Bangkok’s chaay rak chaay (MSM, men having sex with men) regarding sexuality and HIV infection. Thirty-one chaay rak chaay participants who used services at the Niranam Clinic, supported by The Thai Red Cross, took part in in-depth interviews between May and August, 2014. The findings indicate that most participants did not believe that true love exists in gay life and this was linked to many chaay rak chaay choosing to engage in multiple sexual partners. Participants also indicated that sex is a basis of life and gay men cannot live without sex. In addition, the participants reflected that although they may live with HIV, one can still lead a normal life and that this relied on the degree of social acceptance. However, fear of HIV infection can motivate chaay rak chaay to be more aware of HIV prevention and safe sex behaviours. The findings from this study suggests that both government and non-government organisations should continuously promote a social acceptance of HIV infected groups. In addition, the findings indicated that the impacts of HIV infection needed to be promoted through media sites for the purpose of modifying chaay rak chaay’s perceptions and behaviours around HIV prevention.
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