A new model of trend inflation

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 2013, 31 (1), pp. 94 - 106
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This article introduces a new model of trend inflation. In contrast to many earlier approaches, which allow for trend inflation to evolve according to a random walk, ours is a bounded model which ensures that trend inflation is constrained to lie in an interval. The bounds of this interval can either be fixed or estimated from the data. Our model also allows for a time-varying degree of persistence in the transitory component of inflation. In an empirical exercise with CPI inflation, we find the model to work well, yielding more sensible measures of trend inflation and forecasting better than popular alternatives such as the unobserved components stochastic volatility model. This article has supplementary materials online. © 2013 American Statistical Association Journal of Business & Economic Statistics.
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