Analytical study for double-layer geosynthetic reinforced load transfer platform on column improved soft soil

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 2017
Issue Date:
2017-01-01
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© 2017. The objective of this study is to propose a reasonably accurate mechanical model for double-layer geosynthetic reinforced load transfer platform (LTP) on column reinforced soft soil which can be used by practicing engineers. The developed model is very useful to study the behaviour of LTP resting on soft soil improved with conventional columns such as concrete columns, piles, and deep soil mixing columns. The negligible tensile strength of granular material in LTP, bending and shear deformations of LTP, compressibility and shearing of soft soil have been incorporated in the model. Furthermore, the results from the proposed model simulating the soft soil as Kerr foundation model are compared to the corresponding solutions when the soft soil is idealised by Winkler and Pasternak foundation models. It is observed from the comparison that the presented model can be used as a tool for a better prediction of the LTP behaviour with multi layers of geosynthetics, in comparison with the situation that soft soil is modelled by Winkler and Pasternak foundations. Furthermore, parametric studies show that as the column spacing increases, the maximum deflection of LTP and normalised tension in the geosynthetics also increase. Whereas, the maximum deflection of LTP and normalised tension in the geosynthetics decrease with increasing LTP thickness, stiffness of subsoil, and stiffness of geosynthetic reinforcement. In addition, it is observed that the use of one stronger geosynthetic layer (e.g. 1 × 2000 kN/m) with the equivalent stiffness of two geosynthetic layers (e.g. 2 × 1000 kN/m) does not result in the same settlement of LTP and the tension of the geosynthetic reinforcement when compared to two weaker geosynthetic layers.
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