Intrinsic heating in optically trapped Au nanoparticles measured by dark-field spectroscopy.
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Biomedical optics express, 2015, 6 (9), pp. 3646 - 3654
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Assessing the degree of heating present when a metal nanoparticle is trapped in an optical tweezers is critical for its appropriate use in biological applications as a nanoscale force sensor. Heating is necessarily present for trapped plasmonic particles because of the non-negligible extinction which contributes to an enhanced polarisability. We present a robust method for characterising the degree of heating of trapped metallic nanoparticles, using the intrinsic temperature dependence of the localised surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) to infer the temperature of the surrounding fluid at different incident laser powers. These particle specific measurements can be used to infer the rate of heating and local temperature of trapped nanoparticles. Our measurements suggest a considerable amount of a variability in the degree of heating, on the range of 414-673 K/W, for different 100 nm diameter Au nanoparticles, and we associated this with variations in the axial trapping position.
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