Protection of the Environment During Armed Conflict: One Gulf, Two Wars

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Journal Article
Review of European Community and International Environmental Law, 2004, 13 (2), pp. 201 - 213
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This article is concerned with the role of international law in the protection of the natural environment 1 during armed conflict. It is an issue that last attracted the worlds attention in 1991 when Iraq released enormous quantities of oil into Kuwait and the Persian Gulf as part of its tactics in the first Gulf War (Gulf War I). 2 We now approach the issue following a second war in the Gulf (Gulf War II), in which the environmental damage appears to be less than in 1991, but still significant. 3 Although there was no repeat of the devastating oil pollution of 1991, damage from Gulf War II included atmospheric pollution from oil fires, 4 depleted uranium contamination, 5 damage to fragile desert ecosystems 6 and water pollution from disrupted waste management systems.
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