Indigenous small businesses in the Australian Indigenous economy

The Australian National University
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Engaging Indigenous Economy, 2016, pp. 265 - 274
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There are many pathways to Indigenous entrepreneurship in Australia: partnerships between corporate Australia and Indigenous corporations/communities; Indigenous community-owned enterprises; Indigenous social enterprises and cooperatives; and Indigenous private enterprises. One of the most significant developments in the Australian Indigenous economy over the last decade has been the increasing importance of Indigenous enterprises and Indigenous entrepreneurs. As Foley (2006) has persuasively argued, not all Indigenous enterprises are run by community organisations and they are not all in the outback. The majority of Indigenous enterprises are private enterprises. Analysing census data from 1991 and 2011, Hunter (2013) provided evidence that the number of Indigenous selfemployed—the largest component of Indigenous entrepreneurship— almost tripled from 4,600 to 12,500. Indigenous entrepreneurs are also much more likely to employ Indigenous workers than other Australian enterprises (Hunter 2014: 16).
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