Wideband Circular Polarization Reconfigurable Antenna

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2015, 63 (12), pp. 5938 - 5944
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© 2015 IEEE. This communication introduces a polarization reconfigurable wideband circularly polarized (CP) antenna, which consists of four radiating arms connected to a reconfigurable feeding network. The four radiating arms excited by the feeding network are able to generate wideband CP waves with bidirectional radiation patterns in free space. In order to increase the gain and obtain a broadside radiation pattern, the proposed antenna is placed above a metallic reflector with the distance of quarter wavelength at the center frequency. In addition, polarization reconfigurability is realized by utilizing PIN diodes in the feeding transmission lines such that left-handed circular polarization (LHCP) and right-handed circular polarization (RHCP) modes can be selectively excited by controlling the on/off states of the PIN diodes. The proposed antenna exhibits a wide impedance bandwidth of 80% and an overlapped axial ratio (AR) bandwidth of 23.5% for both modes. The antenna gain is stable across the operating bandwidth with the peak gain of 4.8 dBic. The antenna has a wide AR beamwidth of 90°. The presented work is suitable for GPS, CNSS, or RFID applications.
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