Inductive Charging Coupler with Assistive Coils

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 2016, 52 (7)
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© 2016 IEEE. A wireless charging system contains a high-frequency power source, a wireless transformer/coupler, a rectifier, and the load. The wireless transformer/coupler is the key element of the wireless charging system, and the power source and the rectifier design are all dependent on its design. For a two coil type wireless transformer, the maximum efficiency is limited by the coupling coefficient, which rapidly decreases with increasing distance between the primary and secondary coils. The four coil system is widely used in low-power applications, where the maximum power transfer operating point is away from the maximum efficiency point. This paper proposes an inductive charging coupler with small assistive coils, where the high power and maximum efficiency regions overlap.
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