Removing Turbulence Effect via Hybrid Total Variation and Deformation-Guided Kernel Regression

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 2016, 25 (10), pp. 4943 - 4958
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© 2016 IEEE. It remains a challenge to simultaneously remove geometric distortion and space-time-varying blur in frames captured through a turbulent atmospheric medium. To solve, or at least reduce these effects, we propose a new scheme to recover a latent image from observed frames by integrating a new hybrid total variation model and deformation-guided spatial-temporal kernel regression. The proposed scheme first constructs a high-quality reference image from the observed frames using low-rank decomposition. Then, to generate an improved registered sequence, the reference image is iteratively optimized using a variational model containing the combined regularization of local and non-local total variations. The proposed optimization algorithm efficiently solves this model with convergence guarantee. Next, to reduce blur variation, deformation-guided spatial-temporal kernel regression is carried out to fuse the registered sequence into one image by introducing the concept of the near-stationary patch. Applying a blind deconvolution algorithm to the fused image produces the final output. Extensive experimental testing shows, both qualitatively and quantitatively, that the proposed method can effectively alleviate distortion, and blur and recover details of the original scene compared to the state-of-the-art methods.
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