A Survey of Wearable Devices and Challenges

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Journal Article
IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 2017, 19 (4), pp. 2573 - 2620
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© 1998-2012 IEEE. As smartphone penetration saturates, we are witnessing a new trend in personal mobile devices-wearable mobile devices or simply wearables as it is often called. Wearables come in many different forms and flavors targeting different accessories and clothing that people wear. Although small in size, they are often expected to continuously sense, collect, and upload various physiological data to improve quality of life. These requirements put significant demand on improving communication security and reducing power consumption of the system, fueling new research in these areas. In this paper, we first provide a comprehensive survey and classification of commercially available wearables and research prototypes. We then examine the communication security issues facing the popular wearables followed by a survey of solutions studied in the literature. We also categorize and explain the techniques for improving the power efficiency of wearables. Next, we survey the research literature in wearable computing. We conclude with future directions in wearable market and research.
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