Investigation of backwashing effectiveness in membrane bioreactor (MBR) based on different membrane fouling stages

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Bioresource Technology, 2018, 269 pp. 355 - 362
Issue Date:
2018-12-01
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd In this study the effect of different fouling stages of hollow fiber membranes on effective backwashing length in MBR has been investigated. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is imported to simulate backwashing process. A multi-physics coupling model for free porous media flow, convective mass transfer and diluted species transport was established. The laser bijection sensors (LBS) were imported to monitor the backwashing solution position inside fiber lumen. Simulation results indicated that membrane fouling degree could change the velocity of backwash solution inside fiber lumen and make a further effect on effective backwash length. The signal variations of LBS are in accordance with the simulation results. The backwashing process can only play an active role when the filtration pressure is below the critical TMP. It can be concluded that backwash duration in industrial applications need to be set based on changes in TMP.
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