A review on the engine performance and exhaust emission characteristics of diesel engines fueled with biodiesel blends

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018, 25 (16), pp. 15307 - 15325
Issue Date:
2018-06-01
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© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Biodiesels have gained much popularity because they are cleaner alternative fuels and they can be used directly in diesel engines without modifications. In this paper, a brief review of the key studies pertaining to the engine performance and exhaust emission characteristics of diesel engines fueled with biodiesel blends, exhaust aftertreatment systems, and low-temperature combustion technology is presented. In general, most biodiesel blends result in a significant decrease in carbon monoxide and total unburned hydrocarbon emissions. There is also a decrease in carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and total unburned hydrocarbon emissions while the engine performance increases for diesel engines fueled with biodiesels blended with nano-additives. The development of automotive technologies, such as exhaust gas recirculation systems and low-temperature combustion technology, also improves the thermal efficiency of diesel engines and reduces nitrogen oxide and particulate matter emissions.
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