Sustainable Delivery of Megaprojects in Iran: Integrated Model of Contextual Factors

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Journal Article
Journal of Management in Engineering, 2018, 34 (2)
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© 2017 American Society of Civil Engineers. This study develops an integrated model of the main contextual factors that affect sustainable delivery of megaprojects in Iran. The inputs to the model are based on a comprehensive literature review affecting the "triple bottom line" of sustainability, as measured in economic, environmental, and social costs. Innovation diffusion theory and extralogical laws of imitation inform the theoretical points of departure. The model inputs were customized for the context of Iran, and a structural equation model was developed, using data collected from 101 survey questionnaires. The findings identify a wide range of factors that directly impact megaproject sustainability, and these may be used by policymakers and practitioners within the Iranian construction industry to better manage sustainability outcomes. Principally, megaprojects would benefit from (1) the generation of sustainability awareness at the evaluation phase, (2) tackling corruption at the preparation phase, and (3) consolidating responsible project management practices at the usage phase. Moreover, these lessons may be more broadly applicable across the entire construction supply chain in Iran, as well as being transferable to other developing countries.
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