Reconfigurable, Wideband, Low-Profile, Circularly Polarized Antenna and Array Enabled by an Artificial Magnetic Conductor Ground
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2018, 66 (3), pp. 1564 - 1569
- Issue Date:
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. A reconfigurable, wideband, and low-profile circular polarization (CP) antenna is presented. Its wideband CP reconfigurability is realized by incorporating RF switches into a cross-bowtie radiator. A compact, wide bandwidth, and polarization-independent artificial magnetic conductor ground plane is developed to minimize the overall profile of the antenna while maintaining its wide bandwidth. The simplicity of this single-element design facilitates the realization of a reconfigurable, wide bandwidth CP array that achieves higher directivity without changing its overall profile. Prototypes of the single element and of a 1 × 4 array of these elements were fabricated and tested. The measured results for both prototypes are in good agreement with their simulated values, validating their design principles. They are low profile with a height ∼ 0.05 λ0. The array exhibits a wide fractional operational bandwidth: 1.65 GHz (21.7%), and a high realized gain: 13 dBic. Since they would enhance their channel capacity and avoid polarization mismatch issues, these reconfigurable CP antenna systems are very suitable for modern wireless systems.
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