A Wideband Low-Profile Tightly Coupled Antenna Array with a Very High Figure of Merit

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2019, 67 (4), pp. 2332 - 2343
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T-AP_TCA_2018_12_14_final.pdfAccepted Manuscript2.46 MB
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. A wideband, low-profile, tightly coupled antenna array with a simple feed network is presented. The dipole and feed networks in each unit cell are printed on both sides of a single RT/Duroid 6010 substrate with a relative dielectric constant of 10.2. The feed network, composed of meandered impedance transformer and balun sections, is designed based on Klopfenstein tapered microstrip lines. The wide-angle impedance matching is empowered by a novel wideband metasurface superstrate. For the optimum design, scanning to 70° along the E-plane is obtained together with a very high array figure of merit P A = 2.84. The H-plane scan extends to 55°. The broadside impedance bandwidth is 5.5:1 (0.80-4.38) GHz with an active voltage standing-wave ratio value ≤2. The overall height of the array above the ground plane is 0.088λ L, where λ L is the wavelength at the lowest frequency of operation. A prototype was fabricated and tested to confirm the design concepts.
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