Synthesis and characterization of LiFePO4 and LiTi0.01Fe0.99PO4 cathode materials

Electrochemical Society, Inc.
Publication Type:
Journal article
Wang Guoxiu et al. 2006, 'Synthesis and characterization of LiFePO4 and LiTi0.01Fe0.99PO4 cathode materials', Electrochemical Society, Inc., vol. 153, pp. A25-A31.
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Nanocrystalline LiFePO4 and doped LiTi0.01Fe0.99PO4 powders were synthesized via a sol-gel preparation route. High-resolution tunneling electron microscopy observation and energy dispersive spectroscopy, mapping show the homogeneous distribution of dopant Ti cations in the crystals. Fe and O K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) measurements show that Ti4+ doping induces an increased unoccupied d-state in LiFePO4, resulting in an enhanced p-type semiconductivity. In situ Fe K-edge XANES measurements of Ti-doped and undoped LiFePO4 electrodes have been performed to determine the change of Fe valence during the lithium intercalation and de-intercalation processes. Both LiFePO4 and doped LiTi0.01Fe0.99PO4 cathodes demonstrate good electrochemical performance.
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