Mist harvesting using bioinspired polydopamine coating and microfabrication technology

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Desalination, 2018, 429 pp. 111 - 118
Issue Date:
2018-03-01
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© 2017 Elsevier B.V. The fascinating biopolymer of polydopamine (PDA) and negative photolithography method was utilized to produce porous membrane surfaces with contrast wettabilities via creating hydrophilic patterns (nanoscale PDA coated SU-8 bumps) on the hydrophobic background of polypropylene (PP) membranes. The high rate of water collection (97 mg cm − 2 h − 1 ) highlighted the impact of hydrophilic patterns and wetting properties on mist-harvesting results. Modified samples exhibited droplet motion by coalescence rather than rolling which means created hydrophilic patterns also have a significant impact on the behavior of the droplets on these surfaces. Surface characterization including Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and contact angle as well as surface free energy measurement were performed to study the effect of topography and roughness on the system performance. This created structure has the great potential to be fabricated in large scale. Also, due to the porous nature of its hydrophobic background, water collection rate can be substantially increased by using vacuum pressure, makes it attractive for industry.
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