A review of the Transitional Emergency Nurse Practitioner

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Journal Article
Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 2011, 14 (4), pp. 226 - 231
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Introduction: A retrospective exploratory study was conducted to (i) explore the practice patterns of a Transitional Emergency Nurse Practitioner (TENP) working across two urban Emergency Departments (ED); (ii) identify the demographic characteristics of the TENP patient cohort; and (iii) identify if TENP patients were appropriately and timely managed. Method: The study was conducted across two hospital sites over two consecutive years for a 3-month period. Data collection occurred during the months of December through to February. TENP patients were identified by hospital electronic medical record and were then grouped into a model that included 'Fast Track' or 'See and Treat' cohort. The cohorts were then analysed for diagnostic groups, age, sex, length of stay, triage category, and re-presentations. Results: The TENP worked a total of 600. h (Site 1 252. h; Site 2 348. h) across the study period. The TENP managed a total of 481 patients (262 Site 1; 220 Site 2) during the study period. The majority of patients (412; 84%) were managed in the 'See and Treat' cohort (Site 1 246, 94%; Site 2 166, 75%) and 70 patients (16%) were managed in the 'Fast Track' cohort (Site 1 16, 4%; Site 2 54, 25%). The median length of stay for TENP managed patients was 143. min, with 96% of patients leaving the ED in less than 8. h. There were no TENP unplanned re-presentations at either site. The TENP managed more male patients across both sites. The majority (75%) of patients the TENP managed had musculoskeletal and/or wound conditions or injuries. Conclusion: TENP practice across the two Sydney metropolitan ED sites was similar. The model adapted for Tertiary Referral centres was appropriate for smaller urban EDs. The study supports existing evidence of timely and appropriate care being delivered by TENPs across Australian EDs. Given the work practice similarities, the study demonstrates that State and/or National standards and policies could be developed for emergency advanced practice roles. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
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