- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Intelligent Systems Reference Library, 2015, 82 pp. 25 - 46
- Issue Date:
Copyright Clearance Process
- Recently Added
- In Progress
- Closed Access
This item is closed access and not available.
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015. To model and solve a bi-level or multi-level optimization problem, we have to first understand basic single-level optimization models and related solution methods. This chapter introduces related concepts, models and solution methods of basic single-level optimization including linear programming, non-linear programming, multi-objective programming, goal programming, Stackelberg game theory, and particle swarm optimization. These knowledge will be used in the rest of the book.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: