Cellular communication via microparticles: Role in transfer of multidrug resistance in cancer
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Future Oncology, 2014, 10 (4), pp. 655 - 669
- Issue Date:
Multidrug resistance (MDR) continues to be a major impediment to the successful treatment of cancer. The two efflux transporters, P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and MRP1 are major contributors to cancer MDR clinically. The upregulation of P-gp leading to MDR was initially understood to occur via pre- and post-transcriptional mechanisms only. However, we demonstrated that microparticles mediate the intercellular exchange and trafficking of bioactive material, including functional P-gp and selected modulatory miRNAs. This exchange of P-gp leads to the dissemination of MDR within a cancer cell population. These findings have significant implications in understanding the cellular basis governing the intercellular acquisition of deleterious traits in cancers, serving to substantially advance our understanding of the molecular basis of the emergence of MDR in cancer clinically. © 2014 Future Medicine Ltd.
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