Nurses' perceptions of their professional practice environment: a cross-sectional study.

Publisher:
Wiley: 12 months
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2015, 24 (23-24), pp. 3441 - 3448
Issue Date:
2015-12
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AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' perceptions concerning their professional practice environment in mainland China and identify factors associated with these views. BACKGROUND: Globally, the environments in which nurses work influence the quality of nursing practice and health care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive survey using both paper- and online-based delivery modes was used. METHOD: A convenience sampling method was used. The survey questionnaire was composed of sociodemographic items and the 38-item Chinese version of Professional Practice Environment survey. The content of the paper-based questionnaire was identical to the online survey. Pearson's chi-square test was conducted to compare the demographic characteristics of these two data sets. Descriptive statistics analysis included frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Multiple linear regression analysis using the Backwards method was applied to identify independent predictors of each subscale of the 38-item Chinese version of Professional Practice Environment. RESULTS: A total of 573 questionnaires were analysed. The mean score of each subscale of the 38-item Chinese version of Professional Practice Environment in this study ranged from 2·66-3·05. All subscales except work motivation (3·05, standard deviation: 0·44) scored less than 3·0. Areas rated as most in need of improvement included control over practice, interpersonal interaction, supportive leadership and handling conflict, and staff relationships with physicians and autonomy. CONCLUSION: This study has identified nurses' perspectives regarding their workplaces in contemporary China. These data have provided an important baseline for developing and implementing culturally appropriate strategies to improve the working environment of Chinese nurses. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: A supportive and enabling work environment promotes professional development and the safety and quality of health care. Addressing these factors is important in optimising work place environments.
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