中国高技术产业竞争力研究——以广州为例 = Study on the competitive power of the high-tech industries in China : the case of Guangzhou
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应用比较优势理论、国家竞争优势理论、产业集群理论和技术创新经济学理论等相关理论，依据大量政府文件和统计数据等丰富资料，本学位论文以中国改革开放的先行区广东省广州市为个案，深入、系统地研究近三十年来中国高技术产业发展进程，以及中国高技术产业发展与产业组织、科技建制和政府管理体制之间的复杂关系。 本研究特别关注广州的科技资源优势未能有效地转化为高技术产业优势的现象，着重探讨政府产业政策失灵、政府管理体制及运行机制对高技术产业发展形成阻力等以往重视不够的核心问题。在系统考察和深入论证的基础上，本研究修正以钻石模型为代表的竞争力理论缺陷，建立了更符合中国实际特色、更能够有效地提高中国高技术产业竞争力的＂双核心钻石模型＂，将竞争力进一步细分为核心影响因素、关键性影响因素和辅助性影响因素三类，为中国竞争力理论做出重大贡献。 基于深入研究制度创新、技术创新、产业创新以及创新战略管理的心得，本研究还从增强企业自主创新能力、改善高技术产业竞争环境、扩大高技术产业有效市场需求、健全高技术产业风险投资机制等方面为提升中国高技术产业竞争力提出了一系列政策建议。 Applying useful theories such as comparative advantage, national competitive advantage industrial clusters, and economics of technological innovation and based on rich data of statistics and government documents, this thesis is a systematic research on the development of high-tech industries in China and its complicated relations with the industrial structure, the government administration, and the institutional arrangements for the development of science and technology in the last 30 years, with a case study on the development of high-tech industries in Guangzhou, the provincial capital of Guangdong Province. This study pays a special attention to the phenomenon that the apparent advantage in the resources of science and technology in Guangzhou has not been translated into the advantage in high-tech industries and explores some of the essential but somehow neglected issues such as failure of government industrial policies and the systems and mechanisms that hinder the development of high-tech industries. This study makes a major contribution to developing a theory of competitive power theory more relevant to China, establishing a “double diamonds model” of competitive power to replace the “diamond model” of competitive power, with a father division of the factors of competitive power into the core factors, key factors and supplementary factors. Based on the findings in the solid study on the institutional innovation, technological innovation, industrial innovation and strategic management of innovations, this thesis also makes a range of policy recommendations, including the recommendations to strengthen the innovation capacity of enterprises, to improve the environment of completion within the high-tech industries, strengthen the effective market demands for the high-tech industries and improve the mechanisms of risk investment in the high-tech industries.
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