中国的竞争政策研究 = A study of China's competition policies
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NO FULL TEXT AVAILABLE. Access is restricted indefinitely. ----- 公平有序的市场竞争，有利于资源配置的优化和社会福利的增进。维持良好的竞争秩序是竞争政策的首要任务。竞争政策能弥补市场缺陷，保证市场竞争的充分、有序和公平。因此，竞争政策是体现经济主价值，保证市场经济正常、健康运行的基石。 竞争政策，也称之为反托拉斯政策，是世界上大多数国家重要的公共政策手段之一，主要目标是规范不完全竞争市场少数占据支配地位的厂商的限制竞争行为。在中国，由于竞争政策不完善，特别是缺乏作为竞争政策核心的反垄断法，使国家无法对限制竞争行为进行规范，严重影响了经济效率和社会福利的提高。由于竞争政策是公共政策的重要内容之一，是以经济理论分析为基础，并以法律为表现形式，所以从政策研究和经济学角度对竞争政策进行研究是制定正确竞争政策的关键。但从中国目前的研究现状看，在竞争政策方面的研究还不多见，另外已有的一些研究也主要是从法学角度进行的，从政策研究和经济学角度进行研究方面尚存在不足，这直接制约了中国反垄断法的出台。所以本文将从政策研究角度并以经济理论为基础对竞争政策进行分析研究，力争为中国竞争政策的研究、制定和完善做一点贡献。 本文将从以下六部分展开研究：绪论。1、竞争理论的发展和竞争政策的演变。竞争理论包括古典自由竞争理论、新古典竞争理论、现代竞争理论、竞争理论对竞争政策的影响；竞争政策的演变。2、中国竞争政策的实施和发展。3、行政垄断。4、经济性垄断。5、反垄断法的立法搏弈和执法困境。6、政策建议：构建可持续发展的公平竞争秩序。 Impartial market competition is conducive to optimal allocation of resources and enhancement of social welfare. Therefore, maintaining favorable order of competition becomes the primary task of the competition policy. Competition policy is vital to the market deficiency. It ensures that market competition functions adequately and impartially, embodies the value of economic democracy and entails healthy market economy. Competition policy, which is also called antitrust policy, is one of the most important instruments employed by vast majority of governments around the world to regulate the market. Competition policy aims at breaking up the restricted competition manipulated by monopolistic companies. Until very recently, China do not have a well formulated the competition policy. Lack of legislation has prevented the government from efficiently regulating monopolistic activities in the market. As a result, economy efficiency and social welfare are adversely affected. Competition policy is informed by economic analysis and is enacted through legislation. Research on China's competition policy from the perspective of policy studies, however, is extremely inadequate. This paper aims at analyzing the formation of Chinese competition policy from the perspective of policy studies. This paper is composed of six chapters. Chapter 1 discusses the development of competition theory and evolvement of competition policy. Chapter 2 looks at the implementation and development of competition policy in China. Chapter 3 concentrates on the administration of monopoly. Chapter 4 analysises economic monopoly. Chapter 5 examines the controversy with regard to the legislation of antimonopoly and limitation in execution. Chapter 6 dwells upon policy implications.
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