广东民营经济发展模式研究 = A study of the Guangdong model in the development of private economy in China

Publication Type:
Thesis
Issue Date:
2007
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本研究以马克思政治经济学、当代中国市场经济学、制度经济学、增长与发展经济学等现代经济学理论等为理论基础,采用实证研究的方法,对广东民营经济模式产生的原因、模式发展现状、动态特征和未来发展动向等方面进行了研究。 本研究的主要成果是: 本论文以翔实的经验数据论证了广东民营经济在广东乃至整个中国经济中占有重要地位,作出了重大贡献,过往、现在乃至都是或将是中国经济发展的先头兵。 本论文的深入分析所得出的结论是,广东民营经济的发展水平取决于运营主体——民营企业的内在成长动力。近三十年来,民营企业在总量和规模、产业结构、管理架构和企业文化等方面都取得了长足进步。虽然家族企业存在诸多缺陷,但仍是民营企业选择的主要企业制度;尽管一批大型民营企业在成长,但大多数仍属中小型规模特色的企业。 广东民营经济在其成长历程中逐渐形成了颇具特色的区域性民营经济发展模式——珠江模式。珠江模式具有显著的优势,也有某些劣势,这可以通过对该模式效率的纵向评价价和横向评价评得到验证。近年来,珠江模式衍生出三种新的子模式:东莞模式、顺德模式、佛山模式。在中国民营经济模式发展过程中,著名的温州模式、苏南模式、中关村模式、三城模式等相互作用,互相借鉴,可以共促发展。 本论文研究表明,在新的形势下,推动广东民营经济发展模式演进升级需要解决三个关键问题:政府主导与市场主导的问题,家族企业制度与现代企业制度的取舍问题,内源与外源的问题;同时,要坚持四项原则:借鉴全国各地民营经济发展模式成败得失和发展趋向的原则,民本经济的原则,适应环境的原则,模式创新的原则。总的构想是由政府主导走向政府和市场兩"手"配合互补,由"外源性"走向"内外源"结合,由粗放型增长走向集约型增长,由以家族企业制度为主走向理性选择家族企业制度与现代企业制度。为此,广东应当努力营造有利于民营经济模式转型的法制和政策环境,经济环境,服务环境和社会文化环境;应当加快企业制度建设、强化企业家和经理人素质开发、推进人力资源建设、优化战略管理。 中国经济发展迅速,令世人瞩目,广东民营经济则在中国经济发展中举足轻重。本研究结合广东民营经济发展的外生变量(制度背景、文化环境和历史渊源等)来解释广东民营经济发展的动力机制、特征和内在规律,从而预计广东民营经济将会展示出很多新的发展亮点,一定会带给世人更多可喜的成果。 This is an empirical study on the features, causes, and prospects of the Guangdong Model in the development of private economy in China, applying the theories of Marxist political economy, Chinese market economics, economics of institutions, and development economics. The findings and outcome of the research can be summarised as follows: With solid empirical data, this study proves that development of private economy in Guangdong has made a major contribution to the provincial and even national economy as a whole. Private economy has been and continues to be the pioneer in the development of Chinese economy. The analysis in this study has led to the conclusion that the internal dynamism is the primary force sustaining the rapid growth of private economy in Guangdong over the past three decades. During this period the private enterprises in Guangdong have made a great progress in the size, scale, industrial structure, management, and enterprise culture. Small and middle sized family enterprises will continue to dominate private economy in a perceivable future, in spite of shortcomings of family enterprises and the development of big private companies. The Guangdong Model or the Pearl River Model in the development of private economy has eventually taken shape. The advantage and disadvantage of this model can be assessed through vertical analysis, as well as horizontal comparison with other models such as the Wenzhou Model, the South-Jiangsu Model, the Zhongguanchun Model and the Sancheng Model. It is argued in this study that in recent years there are three sub-models deriving from the Guangdong Model: the Dongguan Model, the Shunde Model and the Fushan Model. This study indicates that further development or upgrading of the Guangdong Model is subject to the successful handling of three issues: the conflict between the leading role of the government and the leading role of the market, the choice between family enterprise system and modem enterprise system, and the relationship between internal and external resources. In the meantime, there are four principles emerging in this study: the principle to learn from the experience and lessons of other models, the principle to take people first, the principle of adapting to the environment, and the principle of innovation. It is proposed that the government and the market should be supplementary in economic development; that over reliance on external resources should be replaced by a combination of both internal and external resources; that the mode of extensive growth should be transformed into the mode of intensive growth; and that reliance on family enterprise system should be replaced by the rational choice between family enterprise system and modem enterprise system.
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