A more accurate analog voltage-based photovoltaic maximum power point tracking technique

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Conference Proceeding
2017 8th International Renewable Energy Congress, IREC 2017, 2017
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© 2017 IEEE. In this paper, an analog voltage based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm for individual photovoltaic (PV) panel is proposed. The fixed voltage reference method is the simplest method for tracking, but it does not give good MPPT efficiency because the MPP voltage point changes at different solar insolation levels. A roughly linear slope is formed when connecting the MPP points measured from the highest isolation level to the lowest. Utilizing this characteristic, a bipolar junction transistor BJT is used to implement a variable voltage reference that improves the accuracy of the maximum power point voltage when the insolation changes. The proposed circuit is simple and easy to implement and it can easily track the maximum power point without the need of a digital controller or PID controller, so the cost and circuit complexity is reduced.
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