Preference relation-based markov random fields for recommender systems

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Machine Learning, 2017, 106 (4), pp. 523 - 546
Issue Date:
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© The Author(s) 2016. A preference relation-based Top-N recommendation approach is proposed to capture both second-order and higher-order interactions among users and items. Traditionally Top-N recommendation was achieved by predicting the item ratings first, and then inferring the item rankings, based on the assumption of availability of explicit feedback such as ratings, and the assumption that optimizing the ratings is equivalent to optimizing the item rankings. Nevertheless, both assumptions are not always true in real world applications. The proposed approach drops these assumptions by exploiting preference relations, a more practical user feedback. Furthermore, the proposed approach enjoys the representational power of Markov Random Fields thus side information such as item and user attributes can be easily incorporated. Comparing to related work, the proposed approach has the unique property of modeling both second-order and higher-order interactions among users and items. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time both types of interactions have been captured in preference-relation based methods. Experimental results on public datasets demonstrate that both types of interactions have been properly captured, and significantly improved Top-N recommendation performance has been achieved.
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