An efficient Wikipedia semantic matching approach to text document classification

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Information Sciences, 2017, 393 pp. 15 - 28
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© 2017 Elsevier Inc. A traditional classification approach based on keyword matching represents each text document as a set of keywords, without considering the semantic information, thereby, reducing the accuracy of classification. To solve this problem, a new classification approach based on Wikipedia matching was proposed, which represents each document as a concept vector in the Wikipedia semantic space so as to understand the text semantics, and has been demonstrated to improve the accuracy of classification. However, the immense Wikipedia semantic space greatly reduces the generation efficiency of a concept vector, resulting in a negative impact on the availability of the approach in an online environment. In this paper, we propose an efficient Wikipedia semantic matching approach to document classification. First, we define several heuristic selection rules to quickly pick out related concepts for a document from the Wikipedia semantic space, making it no longer necessary to match all the concepts in the semantic space, thus greatly improving the generation efficiency of the concept vector. Second, based on the semantic representation of each text document, we compute the similarity between documents so as to accurately classify the documents. Finally, evaluation experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach, i.e., which can improve the classification efficiency of the Wikipedia matching under the precondition of not compromising the classification accuracy.
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