Exploiting Web Images for Dataset Construction: A Domain Robust Approach

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 2017, 19 (8), pp. 1771 - 1784
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© 2017 IEEE. Labeled image datasets have played a critical role in high-level image understanding. However, the process of manual labeling is both time-consuming and labor intensive. To reduce the cost of manual labeling, there has been increased research interest in automatically constructing image datasets by exploiting web images. Datasets constructed by existing methods tend to have a weak domain adaptation ability, which is known as the "dataset bias problem." To address this issue, we present a novel image dataset construction framework that can be generalized well to unseen target domains. Specifically, the given queries are first expanded by searching the Google Books Ngrams Corpus to obtain a rich semantic description, from which the visually nonsalient and less relevant expansions are filtered out. By treating each selected expansion as a "bag" and the retrieved images as "instances," image selection can be formulated as a multi-instance learning problem with constrained positive bags. We propose to solve the employed problems by the cutting-plane and concave-convex procedure algorithm. By using this approach, images from different distributions can be kept while noisy images are filtered out. To verify the effectiveness of our proposed approach, we build an image dataset with 20 categories. Extensive experiments on image classification, cross-dataset generalization, diversity comparison, and object detection demonstrate the domain robustness of our dataset.
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