A systematic approach for cross-source point cloud registration by preserving macro and micro structures

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 2017, 26 (7), pp. 3261 - 3276
Issue Date:
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© 2016 IEEE. We propose a systematic approach for registering cross-source point clouds that come from different kinds of sensors. This task is especially challenging due to the presence of significant missing data, large variations in point density, scale difference, large proportion of noise, and outliers. The robustness of the method is attributed to the extraction of macro and micro structures. Macro structure is the overall structure that maintains similar geometric layout in cross-source point clouds. Micro structure is the element (e.g., local segment) being used to build the macro structure. We use graph to organize these structures and convert the registration into graph matching. With a novel proposed descriptor, we conduct the graph matching in a discriminative feature space. The graph matching problem is solved by an improved graph matching solution, which considers global geometrical constraints. Robust cross source registration results are obtained by incorporating graph matching outcome with RANSAC and ICP refinements. Compared with eight state-of-the-art registration algorithms, the proposed method invariably outperforms on Pisa Cathedral and other challenging cases. In order to compare quantitatively, we propose two challenging cross-source data sets and conduct comparative experiments on more than 27 cases, and the results show we obtain much better performance than other methods. The proposed method also shows high accuracy in same-source data sets.
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