Crashworthiness design of a steel–aluminum hybrid rail using multi-response objective-oriented sequential optimization

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Advances in Engineering Software, 2017, 112 pp. 192 - 199
Issue Date:
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Hybrid structures with different materials have aroused increasing interest for their lightweight potential and excellent performances. This study explored the optimization design of steel–aluminum hybrid structures for the highly nonlinear impact scenario. A metamodel based multi-response objective-oriented sequential optimization was adopted, where Kriging models were updated with sequential training points. It was indicated that the sequential sampling strategy was able to obtain a much higher local accuracy in the neighborhood of the optimum and thus to yield a better optimum, although it did lead to a worse global accuracy over the entire design space. Furthermore, it was observed that the steel–aluminum hybrid structure was capable of decreasing the peak force and simultaneously enhancing the energy absorption, compared to the conventional mono-material structure.
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