Modeling aerobic biotransformation of vinyl chloride by vinyl chloride-assimilating bacteria, methanotrophs and ethenotrophs

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2017, 332 pp. 97 - 103
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© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Recent studies have investigated the potential of enhanced groundwater Vinyl Chloride (VC) remediation in the presence of methane and ethene through the interactions of VC-assimilating bacteria, methanotrophs and ethenotrophs. In this study, a mathematical model was developed to describe aerobic biotransformation of VC in the presence of methane and ethene for the first time. It examines the metabolism of VC by VC-assimilating bacteria as well as cometabolism of VC by both methanotrophs and ethenotrophs, using methane and ethene respectively, under aerobic conditions. The developed model was successfully calibrated and validated using experimental data from microcosms with different experimental conditions. The model satisfactorily describes VC, methane and ethene dynamics in all microcosms tested. Modeling results describe that methanotrophic cometabolism of ethene promotes ethenotrophic VC cometabolism, which significantly enhances aerobic VC degradation in the presence of methane and ethene. This model is expected to be a useful tool to support effective and efficient processes for groundwater VC remediation.
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