Free-Convection Flow Through a Two-Dimensional Box With Openings on Opposite Walls

South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer (ICCHMT'09) - Progress in Computational Heat and Mass transfer, 2009, pp. 519 - 526
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Free-convection flow through a two-dimensional rectangular box having openings at opposite corners on the vertical walls is investigated numerically, using a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software package. Convection is induced when the box's ceiling or its floor is imposed with a temperature that is different to that of the ambient fluid, while all other walls are insulated. The fluid here is air near standard conditions, with a molecular Prandtl number of 0.707. Computation is performed for a range of Rayleigh-number values, up to about 2.7×109. Chien's turbulence model of low-Reynolds-number K-e is used. When convection is induced by a cold roof or a hot floor, higher flow rate and heat transfer occur. However the resultant flow and temperature variation are more confined to the wall regions, while the rest of the box is relatively much less affected. All this is in contrast to when convection is due to a hot roof or a cold floor.
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